Book Review: Constructing Measures: An Item Response Modeling Approach

The expert Rasch modelers have truly begun the necessary effort to explain and teach the basics to front-line professionals. Mark Wilson (2005, Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.) has joined Bond & Fox (2002) to help fill the gap of useful introductory material to teach with, their predecessor, Best Test Design, was published in the 1970's! Constructing Measures is aimed at a first course in measurement, but makes every effort to be consistent with the Rasch model and still remain true (pun intended) to the history of measurement in the 20th century.

By proposing a reasonable and understandable scheme of construct modeling using "building blocks", the book is an excellent primer for a basic measurement course. The introduction of construct maps in chapter 2 is subtle and leads easily to recognizable ruler output from Rasch software. The item-design chapter mentions levels of specificity, but stops a little short on the discussion of mixed item types as part of a single instrument.

Outcome space (chapter 4) moves from Likert items to phenomenography to the SOLO taxonomy to Guttman. To me, this would be ordered better (sorry, I can't help it) by moving Guttman adjacent to Likert. Chapters 5 and 6 introduce the Rasch model with excellent explanations, appropriate historical references, and plenty of graphs. In chapter 5, I kept expecting a mention of conjoint probabilities but that never appeared.

The concept of logits as units also tiptoes in without much discussion. Between all the other italicized concepts and definitions, this seems a little understated. The basic equations and examples are solid. Almost all the math is in the middle chapters, and most classes will have to slow down here even though the CD that accompanies the text is an excellent teaching tool.

Chapter 6 compares the Rasch model to the 2PL-IRT model and provides a very good rational for model choice. The discussion of fit is adequate and introduction of Kidmaps is a plus. Explaining Keyforms to novices has often been the downfall of otherwise excellent presentations for me. Chapter 6 misses an opportunity to mention MFRM as a model, and the book again emphasizes classical reliability coefficients in chapter 7 without discussing Facets for rater effect estimates. Given the previous coverage of discrimination functions and fit, Facets would be no more difficult to comprehend.

The text's return to Construct Maps in chapter 8 on validity is appropriate. The traditional reliability treatment contrasts with the lack of mention of "criterion-related validity" which students are likely to see in other places and so wonder where it is. The introduction of DIF is good. Chapter 9 ends the book with some philosophy (situative), some psychology (cognitive), and some statistics (hierarchical). This chapter has some applied examples that would interest students if the "adding complexity" section doesn't ambush them first.

Packaged with a useful CD, this book would be good for students who had a prior research or basic statistics class, and needed a step-by-step approach to creating a test. Overall, Mark Wilson has obviously worked hard to create understandable examples and a practical process for students to build a test from start to finish. The book accomplishes exactly that with a logical process and basic explanations. As the preface suggests, the text is aimed at active learning by doing, and it would be a shame to use it otherwise.

Steve Lang
University of South Florida, St. Petersburg


Book Review: Constructing Measures: An Item Response Modeling Approach. Lang S. … Rasch Measurement Transactions, 2005, 19:3 p. 1027

Please help with Standard Dataset 4: Andrich Rating Scale Model



Rasch Publications
Rasch Measurement Transactions (free, online) Rasch Measurement research papers (free, online) Probabilistic Models for Some Intelligence and Attainment Tests, Georg Rasch Applying the Rasch Model 3rd. Ed., Bond & Fox Best Test Design, Wright & Stone
Rating Scale Analysis, Wright & Masters Introduction to Rasch Measurement, E. Smith & R. Smith Introduction to Many-Facet Rasch Measurement, Thomas Eckes Invariant Measurement: Using Rasch Models in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, George Engelhard, Jr. Statistical Analyses for Language Testers, Rita Green
Rasch Models: Foundations, Recent Developments, and Applications, Fischer & Molenaar Journal of Applied Measurement Rasch models for measurement, David Andrich Constructing Measures, Mark Wilson Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences, Boone, Stave, Yale
in Spanish: Análisis de Rasch para todos, Agustín Tristán Mediciones, Posicionamientos y Diagnósticos Competitivos, Juan Ramón Oreja Rodríguez

To be emailed about new material on www.rasch.org
please enter your email address here:

I want to Subscribe: & click below
I want to Unsubscribe: & click below

Please set your SPAM filter to accept emails from Rasch.org

www.rasch.org welcomes your comments:

Your email address (if you want us to reply):

 

ForumRasch Measurement Forum to discuss any Rasch-related topic

Go to Top of Page
Go to index of all Rasch Measurement Transactions
AERA members: Join the Rasch Measurement SIG and receive the printed version of RMT
Some back issues of RMT are available as bound volumes
Subscribe to Journal of Applied Measurement

Go to Institute for Objective Measurement Home Page. The Rasch Measurement SIG (AERA) thanks the Institute for Objective Measurement for inviting the publication of Rasch Measurement Transactions on the Institute's website, www.rasch.org.

Coming Rasch-related Events
March 31, 2017, Fri. Conference: 11th UK Rasch Day, Warwick, UK, www.rasch.org.uk
April 2-3, 2017, Sun.-Mon. Conference: Validity Evidence for Measurement in Mathematics Education (V-M2Ed), San Antonio, TX, Information
April 26-30, 2017, Wed.-Sun. NCME, San Antonio, TX, www.ncme.org - April 29: Ben Wright book
April 27 - May 1, 2017, Thur.-Mon. AERA, San Antonio, TX, www.aera.net
May 26 - June 23, 2017, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
June 30 - July 29, 2017, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
July 31 - Aug. 3, 2017, Mon.-Thurs. Joint IMEKO TC1-TC7-TC13 Symposium 2017: Measurement Science challenges in Natural and Social Sciences, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, imeko-tc7-rio.org.br
Aug. 7-9, 2017, Mon-Wed. In-person workshop and research coloquium: Effect size of family and school indexes in writing competence using TERCE data (C. Pardo, A. Atorressi, Winsteps), Bariloche Argentina. Carlos Pardo, Universidad Catòlica de Colombia
Aug. 7-9, 2017, Mon-Wed. PROMS 2017: Pacific Rim Objective Measurement Symposium, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia, proms.promsociety.org/2017/
Aug. 10, 2017, Thurs. In-person Winsteps Training Workshop (M. Linacre, Winsteps), Sydney, Australia. www.winsteps.com/sydneyws.htm
Aug. 11 - Sept. 8, 2017, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets), www.statistics.com
Aug. 18-21, 2017, Fri.-Mon. IACAT 2017: International Association for Computerized Adaptive Testing, Niigata, Japan, iacat.org
Sept. 15-16, 2017, Fri.-Sat. IOMC 2017: International Outcome Measurement Conference, Chicago, jampress.org/iomc2017.htm
Oct. 13 - Nov. 10, 2017, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
Jan. 5 - Feb. 2, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
Jan. 10-16, 2018, Wed.-Tues. In-person workshop: Advanced Course in Rasch Measurement Theory and the application of RUMM2030, Perth, Australia (D. Andrich), Announcement
Jan. 17-19, 2018, Wed.-Fri. Rasch Conference: Seventh International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement, Matilda Bay Club, Perth, Australia, Website
May 25 - June 22, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
June 29 - July 27, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Further Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
Aug. 10 - Sept. 7, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (E. Smith, Facets), www.statistics.com
Oct. 12 - Nov. 9, 2018, Fri.-Fri. On-line workshop: Practical Rasch Measurement - Core Topics (E. Smith, Winsteps), www.statistics.com
The HTML to add "Coming Rasch-related Events" to your webpage is:
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.rasch.org/events.txt"></script>

 

The URL of this page is www.rasch.org/rmt/rmt193b.htm

Website: www.rasch.org/rmt/contents.htm